Kilimanjaro Weather

What is the Weather on Kilimanjaro?

The weather on Kilimanjaro will vary from very hot to very cold within the same day though it doesn’t experience wide temperature changes from season to season. Instead, the temperatures on Kilimanjaro are determined more by the altitude and time of day.

At the bottom of the mountain, the common temperature is around 21 to 27 °C and at the summit, Uhuru Peak, the night time temperatures will vary between 20 and -20 degrees fahrenheit (-7 to -29 degrees Celsius). Like all great mountains, kilimanjaro creates its own weather which might be very variable and troublesome to predict. Hikers got to be ready for heat, sunny conditions, and rain, wind, cold, and even snow.

Even though the most effective time to climb kilimanjaro coincides with the “dry” seasons, rain, and snow are possible at any time of the year. As you get higher up, the temperatures will vary dramatically, one moment you can be trekking in baking sunshine, the next you’ll be layering up against a bitter wind.

Standing at 19,341 ft higher than water level, kilimanjaro is large enough to form it’s own weather systems. Being on the equator means that the trade winds (sometimes known as ‘monsoons’) that move across the ocean, drawing wet upwards are interrupted by the mountain. This causes the wind to push up towards the summit, cooling as it goes, bringing rain and snow.

Is there snow on the highest of Mount Kilimanjaro?

The long season between March and will could be a results of the trade winds from the south-east. These southerly winds from the Indian Ocean are laden with wet, bringing rain to the lower slopes and snow on the highest of Kilimanjaro summit. throughout this season, the southern slopes get the most downfall.
The ‘short rains’ in November are from a dryer wind returning from the northeast. because it hasn’t traveled across an ocean, the rains are shorter and fewer intense than throughout the long rains. Most of the rainfall throughout this season falls on the a lot of northerly slopes.

Kilimanjaro Temperatures

Mount Kilimanjaro doesn’t experience wide temperature changes from season to season because of it’s proximity to the equator, Instead, the temperatures on Kilimanjaro are determined a lot of so by the altitude and what time of day it’s. At the bottom of Kilimanjaro where the the climb starts, the common temperature is around 70 to 80 degrees fahrenheit (21 to 27 degrees Celsius). From the bottom after you ascent, the temperatures can decrease as you undergo mountain’s five ecological zones.

At the Summit of kilimanjaro, Uhuru Peak, that lies within the polar zone the night temperatures will vary between twenty and -20 degrees Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit (-7 to -29 degrees Celsius). Therefore, we have a tendency to suggest that you just must always be ready for wet and cold nights so please bring the mandatory gear in the least times. read a lot of concerning what you would like to hold on your day gain kilimanjaro

Kilimanjaro Weather through the Climate Zones

As you create your way higher up, you’ll notice the weather changing through the climate zones.

Cultivation Zone:

Altitude: 2,600 to 6,000 ft (800 to 1,800 m)
Precipitation: 20 to 70 in (500 to 1,800 mm)
Surrounding the bottom of kilimanjaro is the cultivation zone. Comprising principally farmland because of the fertile volcanic soil, this space gets lots of annual downfall. principally temperate conditions, you’ll principally be passing through this region on your way to the trailhead.

Forest Zone:

Altitude: vi,000 to 9,200 ft (1,800 to 2,800 m)
Precipitation: 79 to 40 in (2,000 to 1,000 mm)
We begin our climb within the elevation forest, a tropical forest that serves to absorb most of the wet returning off the mountain, forming underground streams and is derived. Conditions area unit sometimes heat and wet, with mists forming below the dense cover. Thick inclemency isn’t uncommon, and it is muddy underfoot.

Heath/Moorland Zone

Altitude: nine,200 to 13,200 ft (2,800 to 4,000 m)
Precipitation: 51 to 21 in (1,300 to 530 mm)
After hiking through the forest, you’ll emerge from the trees into the Heath and moor Zone. The dense tropical forest provides way to tall grasses and large heathers, and you’ll be a lot of exposed to the wind and rain.
Temperatures will stay heat throughout the day however drop considerably in the dark. The humidness lessens, the paths area unit appliance, and usually, it’s a easier hiking expertise. Rain tends to be tokenish, though it will occur just about anyplace on the mountain.
The sun’s rays is harsh, thus you’ll want your ointment, and temperatures in the dark is bitterly cold.

Alpine/High Desert Zone:

Altitude: 13,200 to 16,500 ft (4,000 to 5,000 m)
Precipitation: 10 in (250 mm)
Climbing higher still, we’ll enter the High Desert Zone, arid, with solely tiny, hardy plants living at AN altitude wherever wind speeds still increase and there’s very little downfall.
Day time temperatures will still be quite heat, however within the evening the mercury drops quickly, with conditions obtaining a lot of colder. Here, it’s not uncommon to be camped well higher than the clouds, that makes for a fascinating sight on a transparent, starry night.
The views area unit sweeping and dramatic, the paths dustier, and therefore the air a lot of dilutant.

Arctic Zone:

Altitude: sixteen,500+ ft (5,000+ m)
Precipitation: four in (100 mm)
Above 16,000 linear unit is that the Arctic or Summit Zone. With very little rainfall (most precipitation falls as snow) this barren desert is characterised by huge rocky outcrops, volcanic formation, and glaciers.
Known as “extreme altitude”, this region has some 49th of the oxygen at sea level. It’s a bleak, inhospitable place.
It’s terribly cold here, with blustery winds and nighttime temperatures well below phase change. As you set out for your summit try, there is also ice and snow underfoot, it’s bitterly cold, even at high noon and therefore the sun’s radiation is harsh.
Sunscreen is crucial on any exposed components of your body, the dry air can dehydrate you quickly, and you’ll want heat layers to keep your core temperature up.

Kilimanjaro Weather Variations

The weather varies based on the time of year you visit Kilimanjaro. During the months of April and May, it’s much rainier on the mountain than it is during the dryer season of June to October. January through March tends to be a bit colder.

Kilimanjaro Weather Month by Month

The Long Dry Season: June to September

The long dry season is a great time of year to climb the mountain. Temperatures are a little colder than the short dry season (January and February) but overall conditions are excellent with very little chance of precipitation.

The Short Wet Season: October to December

The short rains come between October and December. The timing of this season is a bit less predictable than during the long rains. We don’t recommend climbing once the rains have set in.

The Short Dry   January to February

This is a popular time to trek Kilimanjaro. Especially during late January and into February, temperatures are generally a bit warmer than between June and October. Though this can vary from year to year.

The Long Wet Season: March to May

Towards the end of March, when the trade winds blowing across the Indian ocean come in contact with the mountain, the long rains begin. We don’t offer climbs during this season as the rain can be heavy, making the trails wet and dangerous.

Kilimanjaro Weather on the summit

Most trekkers start their climb to the summit at around midnight. It’s bitterly cold, often with snow or ice on the trail. We aim to get to Uhuru Peak at sunrise, as mostly the skies clear and you’ll be treated to vast panoramic views of Mawenzi and out over the African plains. At the summit, Uhuru Point, the night time temperatures can range between 20 and -20 degrees Fahrenheit (-7 to -29 degrees Celsius). Due to Mount Kilimanjaro’s great height, the mountain creates it’s own weather.